Before becoming enraged at their children, parents should ask themselves these three questions

Written by: Caritas Rehabilitation Services, Clinical Psychologist, Yu Kwok Ting

Some parents may be more impulsive and even have a habit of blaming their children for problems such as disobedience, deliberate anger, or naughtiness. When children fail to do what they want, they become angry with their parents, but this will gradually alienate them from their parents, which will damage the parent-child relationship in the long run.

Parents’ personalities, families of origin, and parenting methods learned in different
ways will affect parent-child relationships. And the adults’ thoughts will influence their mood. If adults find themselves in frequent conflicts with children, which affect the
parent-child relationship, we can ask ourselves three questions.

1.  Whether there are other possibilities

If a child is not able to do all the homework required by his or her parents, the first thing the parents think is that the child is just having fun and not doing homework, but the real reason may be that they do not know how to do it and need parental guidance. If parents take preconceived notions as facts, they may ignore the needs and difficulties of their children and damage the parent-child relationship.

2. Whether one’s own thoughts have been confirmed

Some parents often say that their child is “deliberately annoyed” and then see their child’s behavior as disobedience, but perhaps the reason for the child’s behavior is carelessness, but the parents are influenced by their subjective feelings and misunderstand their child.

3. Are your thoughts helpful to the goal?

If a parent’s goal is to mend the parent-child relationship, but he or she often holds the idea that the child is “deliberately working against him or her,” is this thinking really helpful to his or her goal? Parents can try to find more realistic and justifiable ideas to help them achieve their goals.

Eye rubbing too much. What to do if eye inflammation?

Written
by : Dr Cheung Kit

 

Every child has his or her own characteristics. As a parent, you may not be able to tell what your child is trying to express by their expressions, behaviors and vocalizations. Take the example of a child’s reaction to dozing, the form of expression varies from person to person.Some may cry, some may lose their temper, some may rub their eyes, or a variety of other reactions. Among the many reactions, in my position as a doctor, the most unwanted habit is “rubbing eyes” because this will easily cause inflammation.

Eye inflammation is not caused by unclean hands

Interestingly, the inflammation was not due to the child’s unclean hands, but to other causes. In this case, the inflammation was not initially caused by bacteria, but by a blockage of the secretory glands near the eyelashes. When the hand rubs against the eye, the originally open ventral outlet is disrupted by the external pressure, causing pressure in the gland as the oil cannot be expelled, which then causes an inflammatory reaction. This inflammatory reaction is superficially the same as a normal bacterial inflammation. The difference is that in this case, antibiotics (topical and oral) are not effective. The correct method is to do warm compresses for your eyes, which is intended to open the blocked outlet and make the inflammation disappear slowly.

=How to treat eye acne

To treat an existing eye acne, besides seeing a doctor, the most basic method is to do warm compresses as described above. Choose a reheatable heat pack or use a lightly heated towel. Do warm compresses for 5 minutes, 3 times a day. The need for antibiotics is at the discretion of the doctor. However, the following principles apply.

– Whether the inflammation of the eye acne exceeds the normal case

– Is there any bacterial inflammation of the conjunctiva?

– Is the tissue around the eye red and painful?

– Whether the child is able to control his or her own eye rubbing to reduce the possibility of bacterial inflammation

Early treatment of ophthalmia

If the inflammation is not controlled, the swelling may not disappear on its own. In this case, surgical release of the swelling is a must. Although it may sound scary, the procedure is actually a simple one and only requires local anaesthesia. Therefore,  parents only need to follow the doctor’s advice and they can rest assured.

All in all, our biggest fear is not that our children’s hands are dirty, but that they keep rubbing eyes. If the eye infection is caused by nasal allergy, eye allergy and eczema, parents must take it seriously. Parents should feel free to use medication when they want to, without having to worry about how long it will take and the side effects that may occur.

Letting go and letting your child become an independent person

Written by: Founder & Volunteer Director of Good Love Passion 

          Lam Ho Pui Yee

 

From childhood to adulthood, independence does not happen overnight. From the cradle to society, this journey is made up of countless small steps, and every small step in a child’s development is an opportunity for parents to learn to let go.

Because we can’t be with our children all our lives and take care of them until they grow old, we as parents should know how to let go in a timely manner. The purpose of letting go is to help your child grow and become an independent person who can take responsibility for himself. This kind of love has deep meaning.

 

How to let go

1.      love and discipline go hand in hand

Many parents want to be friends with their children, but respect is not an indulgence. In my opinion, being a friend to your child means that you want to share and communicate more about each other’s inner worlds, but not in respectful way, children still need the guidance of their parents. Instead of worrying about how to be your child’s friend, you should think and learn how to be your child’s coach and spiritual support. Therefore, listening to children and observing their behavior is the first step in teaching children self-regulation. By learning to listen to their children, parents will be able to understand their children’s potential, interests and passions, and give them the help and support they need to let go.

Give children the opportunity to deal with things and learn from their mistakes

 Many parents seem to forget that a crying baby eventually learns to sleep without being held, or the joy and emotion of seeing a The ecstasy and emotion of seeing a baby take its first steps without the support of someone. When a child faces conflict, problems or mistakes, parents should not rush to advocate, step in or make amends. Never deprive your child of the opportunity to learn from mistakes and failures, because children learn the ability to advocate for themselves and solve problems, and to take responsibility for the consequences of their choices or actions. In the process of letting go, you allow your child to try mistakes and accept failure.      

2.       Delay in meeting the needs of the child

We need to let go of the myth that parents don’t have to meet what their children want. In setting boundaries, it is important to delay gratification. We need to distinguish between our child’s “wants” and “needs. When a child asks for something, don’t just give him what he wants. You can wait until his birthday to give him a gift or encourage him to save up to buy it. Many parents in the West encourage their children to help their neighbors hoe their lawns to earn pocket money to buy things they want, because they will appreciate the things they have worked hard for through their own efforts.

 

In addition to helping children grow and feel responsible for their own lives, there is a higher value in letting go, which is to turn small love into big love. Parents need to learn to let go and bless their children to pursue their lives. When you start to let go, you will find that there is infinite space in life.

 

 

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

“Baked in sweat” when fever. Does sweating help reduce fever?

Written by : Dr Chiu Cheung Shing

There are some “folk wisdoms” about dealing with fever, and the most commonly heard one is that if you are “baked in sweat” when you have a fever, you will naturally get better. However, is there any medical basis and effectiveness for this saying?

In fact, sweating will never cure any disease, and there is no medical basis for this claim. Although some children can get rid of fever after “being baked in  sweat”, 4 out of 100 children may have higher body temperature and cramps due to “be baked in sweat”, and even if the fever goes down, the disease is not cured.

 

What are the effective ways to dissipate heat?

 

There are several ways to dissipate heat are very effective. The first method is based on Physic principles, such as not letting the child wear too much clothes to help dissipate the heat. The second method is to bathe your child in warm or lukewarm water. In addition, your child can be given oral antipyretics as directed by your doctor. When your child has a high fever and vomits badly, some anal plugs can also be used to reduce fever.

In the long run, once the child’s condition has stabilized, he or she needs to drink more water because each drink increases the amount of urine, which naturally helps to dissipate fever and detoxify the body.

Categories
Parents Zone Parents Zone Parents Zone Parents Zone Parents Zone Parents Zone Parents Zone

Don’t be the “audience” for your child’s “acting”

Written by: Founder & Volunteer Director of Good Love Passion 

            Lam Ho Pui Yee

 

Praise is often misunderstood and misused. Some parents think that praise is a “cure-all” medicine and that their children will accept any praise they are given. In fact, children can’t accept sarcastic praise, and it will only turn them off and backfire. Appropriate praise is more effective than harsh punishment. Some comments can be hurtful and can even affect a child’s personality development for the rest of his or her life. Successful parents take advantage of opportunities to praise or encourage their children, as timely and appropriate praise can be motivating and inspiring, enabling children to grow in the right direction.

 

Smile and make eye contact at the same time

When praising your child, parents must smile and look into your child’s eyes at the same time. Such sincere feelings are the happiest and overflowing. Because praise is a double-edged sword – the right kind of praise will make a person feel confident and happy and move forward, but the wrong kind of praise will make a child lose his or her way and stagnate.

 

For example, when a child refuses to “sit down”, the parent should say “please sit down” with a matching expression. If the child is willing to comply, the parent can praise him immediately and then play a fun game with him. But if the child still does not comply, the parent can immediately take the child away from the scene to divert attention and guide him to follow instructions. Or when you tell the child to put the toy away, but he still looks at you and tosses the toy, testing to see if you will let him go. You can then say to him in a calm and gentle tone, “Please put the toys away gently,” or “Let’s learn to put away the toys together, okay?

Guide your child to understand that expression is appropriate

 

Parents don’t have to tolerate their children’s bad behavior and minimize arguing or reassuring remarks, which only gives the child more room to continue “acting out” because they have found an “audience”, and some children may even be aggravated by your ignoring them or getting upset. We need to guide our children to understand that the only way to get what they want is to express themselves in an appropriate way. As long as the parent persists, the child will understand that the behavior will not get the parent’s attention and will naturally give up.

If the child stops this behavior, the parent can respond immediately by praising him for being quiet and then diverting his attention to other activities. Whenever a child receives praise from others, he or she will naturally exude confidence and joy, as well as a sense of trust and affection for the person who praised him or her. However, the repetition of a single form of praise over time can be ineffective, so parents should be careful to be creative in their praise.

Pay attention to the tone of voice and lead by example

Children are a gift from God, and it is only through love that other aspects of accomplishment do not become a form of bragging and pride. The difference in the tone of voice is enough to affect the parent-child relationship of detachment or closeness. Parents’ emotions and behaviors are related to their children’s future learning attitudes and personality traits. Because children mostly learn by groping and imitation, children will observe their parents’ treatment of others and use of words and phrases to learn their own emotional management and interpersonal relationships, so the importance of parents leading by example cannot be ignored. Even a hug, a smile or a look can establish a kind of appreciation. Parents are far more influential to children than teachers or peers. The more encouragement a child receives as they grow, the better it will be for their future development.

Each child has different characteristics, and parents should observe and explore their potential, allowing them to develop according to their strengths. “Encouragement helps children to grow, while scolding makes them timid. But the two must go hand in hand and not be biased.” Only through a clear distinction between rewards and punishments can children feel loved by their parents and know how to face mistakes and take responsibility for their own development.

暫停面授課堂影響親子情緒
4個方法助孩子保持身心健康

新冠肺炎爆發第五波,政府再次宣布暫停面授課堂,小朋友重返校園遙遙無期。家長除了要處理子女的在線學習外,更要留意網課為小朋友帶來的情緒影響。而部分家長亦同時在家工作,一家人困在家中,磨擦驟生,親子情緒健康都大受影響。

近日有研究顯示,近25%小朋友達到臨床水平的焦慮和抑鬱,而因疫情劇減的戶外活動和社交聚會,正是其中一個兒童心理狀態變差的原因。我們了解到家長可能會對在家進行在線學習或在家工作的安排感到擔憂和困惑,希望以下的4個方法能給多家長們一個參考,了解如何應對網課帶來的問題及幫助孩子保持心理健康。

1. 建立常規設定:每天恆常時間表

家長們可以先在家中建立一些常規讓自己和子女暫時抽離工作和學習,放鬆一下。在建立常規時可以加入一些動態活動舒展身體,例如跳繩和兒童瑜伽。我們也可以加入遊戲以增加趣味和親子互動,例如一起唱歌、跳舞師砌積木等。通過建立常規設定,我們不僅可以在家中建立一個固定時間表,讓孩子們可以在學習以外,有固定活動,減少他們對網課的不安,家長也可以利用這個機會更了解孩子和增進親子關係。


2. 舉辦網上社交活動

網課的另一個問題是阻礙了孩子的社交發展。學校是讓孩子發展社交的媒介,除了結交新朋友,孩子也可以透過擔任不同角色去學習不同社交技巧。在網課期間,除了結交新朋友較以往困難,在禁止社交聚會的情況下孩子們也較難加深友誼。所以我們建議舉辦線上活動,例如線上生日派對及線上遊戲等來增加孩子們在之間的互動。適當的線上活動能補足因疫情而失去的互動,也能讓孩子們更容易在線上認識朋友及增進友誼,在網課期間互相支持及鼓勵。


3. 加入家長靜觀互助小組

要孩子維持良好心理狀態,除了孩子自身,家長亦有很大影響。所以要協助孩子,家長們首先也要擁有健康心理狀態。家長不但可以透過互助小組相互支持,還可以分享不同靜觀教養技巧,用不同方法去協助孩子們應對網課安排。

其中一個靜觀教養練習是呼吸空間,孩子們在深呼吸的時候,可以引導他們去冷靜自己及用天氣去描述自己的情緒,家長可以透過天氣描述例如晴天、陰天及多雲等,去了解孩子的心情,恆常的練習也可以讓孩子的情緒更為穩定。家長們不僅可以透過互助小組分享自己育兒上的難處,也能汲取其他家長們的經驗和建議去幫助子女,及在這個艱難的時刻互相扶持。


4. 在危難中的「機會」

在不能預測以及多變的環境中,人的成長總會遇到不同的挑戰與困難。我們希望下一代在溫室中長大如小花一般,還是像這一代的小孩子,成為暴風雨中的堅強小草呢?家長們可以透過靜觀的呼吸練習,在風雨中找到一份安穩,默想在這兩年的艱難時刻,孩子們最大得着與成長是甚麼呢?資訊科技的能力、自理能力、堅韌性(resilience) 及照顧弟妹的愛心等等。可能還有更多是我們沒有留意到的正面改變。

總括而言,家長們可以透過建立每天恆常時間表、組織線上活動,及加入家長靜觀互助小組等去幫助自己和孩子適應網課的安排和保持良好的心理狀態。我們了解突如其來的網課安排讓家長和孩子們難以適應,但是孩子是有韌性的,只要我們作為家長提供足夠支持,改變一下心態,想一想在危難中孩子所得到的機會以及成長,即使在網課的情況下,我們相信孩子們也能茁壯成長。

Parents Daily 為全港父母提供關於親子育兒、升學的豐富短片和內容,專輯內容包括「有星有Say」、「校長有話兒」等節目。我們以輕鬆活潑的方式為父母們提供培養孩子的資訊,更會邀請幼小校長、名人、資深教育工作者等分享教學、親子心得和實戰經驗,讓父母可以在這裡得到實用資訊之餘,更可認識更多互相分享、互相扶持的同行者。

責罵無助解決問題
愛的語言助家庭和諧幸福

撰文:聖文德天主教小學張偉菁校長

小朋友在家上學,媽媽也要在家工作,同時兼顧家務和照顧小孩,難免會覺得十分疲累。 媽媽走到客廳,看見小朋友灑滿一地的玩具,頓時感到憤怒,忍不住便責罵孩子。但其實家長可以使用「愛的語言」教導孩子,冷靜又有愛地解決問題。

筆者個人很欣賞一個嬰兒配方奶粉廣告。一開始時,一個 2、3 歲的小朋友在屋內走來走去,搬動很多不同類型的玩具到後花園的泥地上玩耍,過程中把泥土和碎石等帶進屋內,當然過程中少不了跌得滿地的玩具。媽媽看到後,臉色一沉,大戰似乎一觸即發。小朋友看見媽媽的臉色後,亦似乎意識到媽媽的怒氣。怎料鏡頭一轉,媽媽竟從背後取出一副「女飛賊」式的眼鏡,對孩子扮鬼臉。於是烏雲散盡,母女擁作一團,原本的低氣壓被笑聲爆破,藏身於窗簾後的爸爸也可放心繼續「嘆」他的咖啡了。

聰明的廣告創作人給我們上了一課:更糟的事情也可以有令人喜悅的解決辦法。

解決問題只取決於態度

媽媽們在甚麼時候對家人最不滿呢?不是在母親節收不到禮物,亦不是丈夫和孩子忘記了妳們的生日,更不是為家人預備飯餐 ─ 而是在辛辛苦苦忙完家務之後,家中的其他成員卻任意地把原本整齊的客廳弄得亂七八糟!大家有同感嗎?

假如以上的事情發生在妳的身上,妳會如何處理呢?大吵大鬧?還是罵孩子罵丈夫呢?

有一個母親在廚房裡忙了一個上午,午餐也準備好了。當她到客廳時,只見到滿地玩具。她先喝杯冷水,就對不足 3 歲的孩子說:「啊!滿地的玩具,都是你玩過的嗎?」孩子笑嘻嘻點頭。「媽媽做了很多家務,現在很累了,我需要你幫忙,把玩具收拾好,你可以幫媽媽這個忙嗎?」她說。孩子開開心心的開始收拾玩具了。

觀察、感受、需要、請求

這個媽媽用了一個很有效的策略去教導孩子,這策略就是「愛的語言」。她首先「觀察」情況,冷靜地了解問題,代替直接斷言是孩子把客廳弄亂。她再而說出自己當時的「感受」(媽媽很累了),然後她清楚坦白地表達她的「需要」(把玩具收拾好),最後以摯誠的態度表達出她的「請求」,所以孩子可以在她清楚的表達中收到準確的信息,知道如何配合母親,不需要胡亂猜測媽媽發怒的原因。

家庭幸福要刻意經營,家中每一個成員必須讓「愛」融入生活之中。愛包含忍耐,日常生活的溝通中,要冷靜觀察,要說出感受,要提出需要,更要表達請求。家人相處最忌互相指責猜疑,有期盼就要坦白表示,藉著上述4個要素,誠實地表達和關切地傾聽。家庭是一個「愛」的組合,「愛」這個字看似簡單,實則它千變萬化,隨時間而遷移。它如一顆種子,要相愛的人去灌溉、去栽培。孩子有時的確難教,但只要我們肯放下自己的成見,營造「愛的語言」這種非暴力的溝通方法,父母子女必定獲得和諧和幸福。

Parents Daily 為全港父母提供關於親子育兒、升學的豐富短片和內容,專輯內容包括「有星有Say」、「校長有話兒」等節目。我們以輕鬆活潑的方式為父母們提供培養孩子的資訊,更會邀請幼小校長、名人、資深教育工作者等分享教學、親子心得和實戰經驗,讓父母可以在這裡得到實用資訊之餘,更可認識更多互相分享、互相扶持的同行者。